Reflections of the Hindu Melasti Ritual - Surabaya, Indonesia
Hindus people on this day praying on the beach in order to clean themselves from all the past bad deeds and throw it overboard into the sea, was carried out before celebrating Tapa Brata retreat. .
Melasti is a series of ceremonies celebration of Nyepi, Saka year 1934 which falls on next Friday, March 22, 2012. Melasti ceremony can also be called Mekhlis or Melis ceremony, where the Hindus on this day praying on the beach in order to clean themselves from all the past bad deeds and throw it overboard into the sea, was carried out before celebrating Tapa Brata retreat.
In addition to praying, Melasti also a day of cleanup and sanctification various sacred objects belonging Temple (pralingga or pratima Ida Bhatara and all the equipment). Objects are carried and paraded aimed at sanctify the area around the Temple, next to the ocean, sea, lake, river, or other springs are considered sacred.
Ceremony conducted by a prayer together over the sea, all participants of the ceremony wearing a white shirt. After the Melasti ceremony was done, all the objects and equipment was carried to the Agung Temple. Hindus in Bali hoping for the sanctity of inner and outer self and get a blessing from Sang Hyang Widhi (Almighty God) to deal with life in the future.
The significance of the Melasti ceremony is a cleansing process, nature and objects that is considered sacred to be pure again with a prayer and supplications to the Hyang Widhi (Almighty God), through the intermediary of living water (sea, lakes, rivers), removed that all deeds and the sacred again. The ceremony is also aimed begged Ida Sang Hyang Widhi Wasa that Hindus are given the power to implement a series of Nyepi.
Ritual and implementation of all the equipment (or pratima Ida pralingga Bhatara sacred objects and objects that are considered sacred) have been back in the Agung Temple no later than early afternoon.
Melasti ceremony implementation comes with a variety of offerings as symbolic Trinity, 3 Gods in Hinduism, namely Vishnu, Shiva, Brahma, and Jumpana throne of Brahma. Melasti ceremony begins convoy carrying people as well as the means jempana and barong ceremony that will be paraded toward the water source (lake, river or beach that is located not far from the temple) to the accompaniment of Beleganjur music percussion.
After arriving at the side of the water source, the ceremony continued with the process of making Melasti holy water named Holy Toya Nuur, clean for the ceremony including facilities jempana and barong. Ceremony was closed by praying together. Once that was done giving ritual offerings to Sang Hyang Widhi into the sea. After praying with all the tools and barong brought back to the temple.
"This ceremony is a form of the physical and spiritual cleansing to remove inner dirt into the sea. During the procession, carried out by reading the offerings of praise to the ocean," said I Wayan Suraba as Chairman of the Supreme Council of Hindu Religion (PHDI) Surabaya city.
I Wayan Suraba revealed, Melasti not only as a symbol of purification of the human soul. But as the purification of nature. While the theme is carried to foster harmonious relations between neighbors and inter-religious harmony.
In addition, introspective attitude was able to grow and enhance the experience of Dharma religion and state.
"Not only that, Indonesia is now being widely abused grief due to the many cases of violence and we begged to be kept away from dirty attitude that caused it. That's because the lack of harmony between human being. So it is suitable for us to do that every act of self purification against the weak, " said Suraba.
Melasti ceremony if considered synonymous with Nagasankirtan ceremony in India. In Melasti ceremony, images of the vehicle which is a symbol of Lord Ida, was carried through the village towards the sea in order that it can purify the sanctity pratima village. Nagasankirtan ceremony was in India, Hindus around the village, chanting / singing hymns - hymns sacred names of God (Namas-maranam) to purify the village in its path.