The ecological disaster of Aral sea in Central Asia. Beginning in the sixties and counting, the sea has lost around 80% of its water. This disaster is due to a dam built on the main rivers. Moynaq, Uzbekistan 02/07/2009
Moynaq is a former port located south the Aral Sea, formerly endowed with an active economy bound to the fishing industry.
Today, Moynaq is one of the witnesses of the environmental disaster which undergoes the region because of the withdrawal of the Aral Sea, which is in some 180 km in the North and is not visible any more on the horizon. The town is exposed to sand storms, suffers from bad water which is spoiled by fertilizers captured in the soil as well as respiratory diseases which affect the people living there.
Beginning in the sixties and counting, the sea has lost around 80% of its water, no fish can survive anymore in this highly salted water. This disaster is due to a dam built on the main rivers which were ending in the sea, the aim of this dam was to irrigate the cotton fields which are heavy consumers of water. Cotton is a monoculture in the region as it was decided by Lenin back in the early 1900's.