The Lapindo Mudflow was caused by the oil drilling company Lapindo Brantas Inc over four years ago. The man-made disaster is still having an impact on the people of Sidoarjo, Indonesia. 26/05/2010.
Since December 2006, in the district of Sidoarjo, the Lapindo mudflow has caused havoc. The disastrous mud volcano was the result of the oil drilling company Lapindo Brantas Inc.
This particular mud flow is located in Porong, in the southern district of the Sidoarjo region, 12km south of the town of Sidoarjo.
The Lapindo mudflow has become increasingly alarming, an uncontrolled disaster that effects agriculture, the industries surrounding the area and the economic situation in the area.
The Porong mudflow is only 150 - 500 meters away from the Banjar Panji well, a gas exploration well also operated by the Lapindo Brantas company.
There are two theories as to why the burst occurred. There may have been an error in the drilling procedure, or there may have been an accident caused by something unknown. Most people are leaning towards an error by Lapindo Brantas Inc themselves, in their drilling procedures.
The location is in a settlement. It is one of the main industrial areas in East Java. Not far from here, there were other mudflow bursts namely along the Surabaya-Gempol toll roads, highways Surabaya-Malang-Pasuruan and Surabaya-Banyuwangi (lane east coast), and across the railway line east of Surabaya-Malang and Surabaya-Banyuwangi, Indonesia.
Based on multiple expert´s opinions, the mudflow was caused by a fracture. This phenomenon has already occurred hundreds of years ago. The amount of mud in Sidoarjo that comes out from under the earth is about 100,000 cubic meters per day, which is not possible out of a “drilling” hole which is as only around 30 cm wide.
One of the most outspoken critics of the Lapindo mudflow disaster management is an environmental activist. Besides criticizing the slowness of government in handling the mud, he also declared that the variety of solutions offered by governments in handling the sludge will give birth to new problems, especially considering one of the solutions is to dump the polluted mudflow into the sea. Such action is extremely dangerous to the environment around the estuary.