Here the Indians celebrate the Kuarup. A High Xingu ceremony honoring the dead. The celebration is intertribal and represents recreation. Brazil. 10/09/2010
The Xingu Park was created in 1961 to protect the Indian population and their culture.
Nowadays, there are approximately 5.500 Indians from 15 tribes living along the Xingu River. Besides the close relationship between the tribes, each has their own dialect coming from the Tupi-Guarani language.
Here the Indians celebrate the Kuarup. A High Xingu ceremony honoring the dead. The celebration is intertribal and represents recreation.
The indigenous people of Brazil's Xingu River have many cultural similarities despite their different ethnologies. Xingu people represent fifteen tribes and all four of Brazil's indigenous language groups, but they share similar belief systems, rituals and ceremonies.
In the centuries since the penetration of the Europeans into South America, the Xingu fled from different regions to escape modernization and cultural assimilation, nonetheless settlers made it up as far as the upper run of the Rio Xingu. By the end of the 19th century, about 3,000 natives lived at the Alto Xingu, where their current political status has kept them protected against European intruders. By the mid twentieth century this number had been reduced by foreign epidemic diseases such as flu, measles, smallpox and malaria to less than 1,000.