Ukraine commemorates the victims of the Great Famine
About 2 thousand people marched in Kiev to the National Memorial of Holodomor victims to commemorate the children who died during the artificial famine in 1932-1933. Kiev, Ukraine. 26th November 2011
The procession also devoted to the unborn because of famine. Participants of the rally were carrying about 500 unlited candle, symbolizing the young, unlived life, and black ribbon with the names of children who died of starvation. Names of children aged 6 months to 17 years were taken from the book of the Holodomor victims
Later, near the National Museum of the "Memorial of Holodomor victims," the Primate of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church of Kiev Pathriarchy Metropolite Philaret served requiem, which was attended by representatives of the Greek-Catholic Church, an autocephalous and the Roman Catholic Church.
The ceremony to commemorate attended by former Ukrainian President Leonid Kravchuk and Leonid Kuchma, Viktor Yushchenko, members of the Cabinet and other central bodies of executive power, the Presidential Administration, as well as representatives of the diplomatic corps.
The Holodomor (literal translation Killing by hunger) was a man-made famine in the Ukrainian SSR between 1932 and 1933. During the famine, which is also known as the "terror-famine in Ukraine" and "famine-genocide in Ukraine", millions of Ukrainians died of starvation in a peacetime catastrophe unprecedented in the history of Ukraine.
Early estimates of the death toll by scholars and government officials varied greatly; anywhere from 1.8 to 12 million ethnic Ukrainians were said to have been killed as a result of the famine. Recent research has since narrowed the estimates to between 2.4 and 7.5 million. The exact number of deaths is hard to determine, due to a lack of records, but the number increases significantly when the deaths inside heavily Ukrainian-populated Kuban are included. The demographic deficit caused by unborn or unrecorded births is said to be as high as 6 million. Older estimates are still often cited in political commentary.
Scholars disagree on the relative importance of natural factors and bad economic policies as causes of the famine and the degree to which the destruction of the Ukrainian peasantry was premeditated on the part of Joseph Stalin. Scholars and politicians using the word Holodomor emphasize the man-made aspects of the famine, arguing that it was genocide; some consider the resultant loss of life comparable to the Holocaust. They argue that the Soviet policies were an attack on the rise of Ukrainian nationalism and therefore fall under the legal definition of genocide. Other scholars argue that the Holodomor was a consequence of the economic problems associated with radical economic changes implemented during the period of Soviet industrialization.