Ruins in Kidron Valley, the Valley of "Hell" Yehoshvat, which separates the city of Jerusalem from the Mount of Olives. Jerusalem, Israel. 7th January 2012
Teacher Tntor Pharaoh in the Valley of Kidron, or Valley or the Valley of Hell Yehoshvat, which separates the city of Jerusalem from the Mount of Olives overlooking them, stories of several biblical and evangelical, in Silwan - Jerusalem
Kidron and the word in Hebrew means the deep, in reference to the heavy water that were taking place in it, but now free of water, a dry valley, there are the famous churches, such as the Church of Gethsemane and the Church of Stna Mary, the old Jewish cemetery.
These shrines, carved in the rock, but this did not detract from their importance to the various parties.
Perhaps the most important and most beautiful of these shrines, is the largest and which he calls the population (Tntor Pharaoh) and features a dome-like top of the vial, and believes that it is up to the first century BC, followed by what is known as the grave of Zachariah and has a dome-like pyramid, believed to be older than I and dates back to the second century BC, and beside the tomb of a different cubic dome, possibly due to the ninth century BC, called the tomb of Pharaoh girl.
The shrine includes all of which can be considered as a burial chamber, and because of the hierarchical forms, called the most famous Tntor Pharaoh, and forms on the whole appear affected by the ancient Egyptian architecture.
And consider the Jews, in another, and called for example Tntor Pharaoh, (by Absalom), and Absalom is the son of King David the only one, who rebelled against his father, and killed one of the pursuits, and it grieved his father and ordered the construction of this monument.
Despite the interest of Jews in this tomb, but they, they were Arhqouna stones, because of the rebellion on the owner and his father David.
And firing at the tomb of another tomb Aho Shaphat, and on the Tomb of James III, who Christians believe that the tomb of St. James, who disappeared after the incident of the crucifixion of Christ.
As the puzzled people and religious shrines, archaeologists disagree on them and, more recently, announced a world raised an American specialist in the Byzantine period, it solve the mystery of these shrines, saying that he discovered that "this may be the most exciting discovery ever in decades."
Said Professor James Strange of the University of South Florida, he found a pattern, confirms that the so-called Pharaoh Btntor Babashalom has nothing to do, but Zacarias, the father of John the Baptist and perhaps also Jacob.
Said Strange, that Absalom was dead by the thousand years of building this shrine, but the inscription on the tomb which was discovered indicating its relationship to the prophet Zechariah.
And found the inscription Antrubiologi physicist named Joe Zias, saying that writing it, the Greek language, are almost obliterated, by factors of time, and because of throwing stones at the tomb of Absalom, the angry, so people could not read.
And the Tomb of Zechariah and his daughter's grave
Zias story began with the inscription, when it signed under his hands black and white image, taken by more than thirty years, to the entrance of the tomb was able to distinguish one character on them.
Zias said that he sat for months, in front of the shrine, so he was able to make sure that he could see the writing on the inscription, in the summer months, just before sunset, because of the amount of light and shadow.
And used the Zias, an expert to write the old father Emil Bish, where the two select that the inscription dates back to the fourth century AD and write it is "the impact of the funeral of Father Zakaria pious martyr John."
It is believed that the shrine was built after the ten years from the adoption of the Romanian Empire to Christianity, and most church buildings in the Holy Land has in that period.
No wonder archaeologists findings of the Zias and his team, but many people do not believe that solving the problem of the history of the shrines, and the inscription can not confirm it was built in the writing, which became Christianity the official religion of the empire, and the spread of such inscriptions, after they started campaign to identify some of the sites Evangelical Church, and is not unlikely that the followers of the religion that became the official religion, and put the inscription on the mausoleum, which existed already, while the archaeologists were predominantly attribute the period of the building shrines to BC, and this could explain the impact of Egypt's construction on them.
What is important in the story of Zias said he discovered a pattern in another place, he says he could read only one word it is a word (Shimon).
And not Zias and colleagues such as Professor James Strange, who were quick to say that the disclosure may be most important in decades, the only ones who have driven enthusiasm for the launch of such provisions hasty, In the month of September 2005, the archaeologist from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem called Ayelet false, that "Excavations secret" which involved at the scene, revealed what it said was "a large building may be the palace, which gave him Hiram king of Tyre to King David, and in recognition to fight their enemies subscribers, and may be a palace of the period Alibusih that preceded the period of the kings in Jerusalem."
She said she found "tools ceramic seal bearing the name and character are listed in Genesis," and raised its declaration sensation has not yet subsided, in Israel, while Palestinians questioned by talking and expressing their opposition to him.
It is believed that the Declaration of Ayelet false, the suspicions of a political, as well as personal, which has become known among overnight, raised the jealousy of many of her fellow Israelis and the Palestinian rejection of the declaration was also for political reasons and for fear of being exploited for the purposes of settlement.
But the Israeli government were not waiting for a false declaration, to begin settlement activities in place, which is considered part of the Kingdom of David, and since June 1967, the Israeli labor to change the nature of the area proceeding with confidence and strength.
On 9 August 2005, the newspaper revealed Aorchalam weekly Israeli plan to strengthen the Jewish presence in Jerusalem has allocated the occupation government the amount of NIS 60 million, and includes a park on the southern foot of Mount Zion and to improve the Valley of Kidron and a network lighting and corridors near Tntor Pharaoh, and garden as a general (King Park) on the ruins of Palestinian houses in Al Bustan neighborhood near and threatened with demolition to extend Tntor Pharaoh.
And residents of this tomb, if it really well, the sole witness of all the people on it for thousands of years, and it seems he is the only known real.